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Prussian M1809 Potsdam Bayonet with Cock Maker's Mark

Prussian M1809 Potsdam Bayonet with Cock Maker's Mark

  • Product Code: EWB-2568
  • Availability: Out Of Stock
  • $169.00


This is a NEAR FINE condition example of the Prussian M1809 socket bayonet as used on the Prussian M1809 “Potsdam” Musket. During the course of the American Civil War the US government purchased in excess of 100,000 “Prussian Smoothbore Muskets”, which were primarily a mixture of Prussian M1809 and M1839 muskets. Although the M1839 bayonet was subtly different from the M1809, for all practical purposes, the bayonets were nearly identical. Like the Prussian muskets, the bayonets were all handmade and hand fit to the guns, which limited their interchangeability. As a result, the bayonet were often marked with mating numbers to make sure that the bayonet stayed with the musket that it had been fit to. The bayonets did not have a mortise cut or locking ring but relied upon an eccentric collar on the rear of the socket to engage a spade shaped locking spring located under the barrel of the musket.

 

This example of a Prussian Model 1809 Bayonet retains its full-length blade that measures about 19.5” and has an overall length of 22.75” including the 3.125” socket.  The bayonet features the typical eccentric ring collar on the rear of the socket, which mated with the Hanoverian catch under the barrel of the musket, locking the bayonet firmly into place. The bayonet is clearly marked on the face of the blade with a Prussian {CROWN} inspection mark, along with a Solingen maker’s mark that appears to be a cock or chicken. The mating number 27 is stamped on both the rear of the locking collar and on the reverse neck of the bayonet. The inventory or rack number 190 is stamped on the obverse neck.

 

The bayonet has been lightly cleaned to “bright” and has a somewhat mottled bright pewter patina that shows substantial amounts of scattered oxidized discoloration over the entire bayonet. This freckled oxidation give the bayonet a somewhat mottle appearance. The metal is mostly smooth, although there is some scattered pinpricking present on the metal, and some areas of very light pitting here and there. As these bayonets do not interchange well, it is worth noting that the muzzle diameter of the socket is approximately .90”. It would be worth measuring your muzzle prior to ordering if you want to know if the bayonet might fit your musket or not.

 

Overall this is a very nice, much better than usually encountered example of a Prussian Model 1809 “Potsdam” Socket Bayonet with a great Solingen maker’s mark on the blade. This bayonet would be a nice addition to your Prussian import musket. These muskets and bayonets saw heavy use during the first 12-18 months of the American Civil War, primarily with Western Theater Federal Troops, and are good representative examples of the weapons that saw such heavy use by Grant’s troops at Fort Donelson and Shiloh.


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Tags: Prussian, M1809, Potsdam, Bayonet, with, Cock, Maker's, Mark